Children's House3 - 6 years
The Montessori classroom for this age group is called ‘Children’s House’.
The children choose their work from the self-correcting materials arranged in open shelves and they work in specific areas. After the adaptation period, children are integrated into a normalized community, working with great concentration and few interruptions.
For us, ‘normalized’ means self-discipline, order and concentration, which children arrive at through work in a prepared environment.
This process occurs through the repetition of work with specific materials that captivate the children’s attention, through following the norms of the classroom and through the prepared environment, which has been conceived to satisfy the needs of the child in this sensitive period in which they find themselves.
The main objective of the classroom is to provide the children with basic foundations, amongst which are: a positive attitude towards school, self-assurance, a sense of order, permanent curiosity, habits of concentration, initiative and persistence, the ability to make decisions by themselves, self-discipline and a sense of responsibility towards their classmates, the school and the community. These pillars help the children acquire more specialized knowledge in different areas and skills for their school life
In this phase, the Montessori prepared environment comprises five areas:
– Improves the organization of tasks and cognitive order through self-care, caring for the classroom environment, the grace and courtesy exercises and the coordination of physical movement.
– Allows the child to order, classify and describe sensorial impressions in relation to length, width, temperature, mass, color, etc.
– The use of manipulative materials allows the child to internalize concepts around number, symbol, sequences, operations and memorization of basic information.
– Includes the development of the spoken language, written expression, reading, the study of grammar, children’s literature, etc. Basic reading and writing skills are developed through the use of concrete materials and different types of presentations allow the child to relate sounds with the symbols of letters and express them through writing.
– Comprises activities and materials related to geography, history and science. Music, art and movement are also part of the curriculum in this phase.